HAMAP proteomes
Neisseria lactamica (strain 020-06)

General information

Species:  Neisseria lactamica (strain 020-06)
Species code: NEIL0
Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Neisseriales; Neisseriaceae; Neisseria (TaxID: 489653) [NEWT/ NCBI]
Description: The genus Neisseria, which comprises oxidase positive diplococci that colonise the mucosa of humans and animals, includes species that are never or rarely pathogenic and two human pathogens of global significance, Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Neisseria lactamica is closely related to the pathogenic Neisseria and, like them, is only ever isolated from humans. N. lactamica is an obligate commensal inhabitant of the human nasopharynx that establishes long-term normally asymptomatic colonisation. Occurrence of N. lactamica is high in infants and young children and declines as the age of the human host population rises. It has been suggested that colonisation of children with N. lactamica plays a role in the development of immunity to the meningococcus, and anti-meningococcal vaccines based N. lactamica have been proposed at various times. Strain 020-06 belongs to sequence type ST-640 and was isolated from a six-week-old child from the UK in 1997. A plasmid of 3,151 bp was present in the organism but does not seem to have been submitted to the INSDC database (adapted from PMID 21092259).
Properties: Presence of flagella: No
Human pathogen: No
Interaction: Animal commensal in Mammalia
Number of membranes: 2

Genome(s) sequenced

Strain:    020-06
Genome structure:
Chromosome EMBL accession number FN995097 (circular; 2,220,606 bp) (download entry)
Reference(s):
[1] Pubmed=21092259;
Bennett J.S., Bentley S.D., Vernikos G.S., Quail M.A., Cherevach I., White B., Parkhill J., Maiden M.C. ;
"Independent evolution of the core and accessory gene sets in the genus Neisseria: insights gained from the genome of Neisseria lactamica isolate 020-06.";
BMC Genomics 11:652-652(2010).
Web links:
Official genome site(s):
http://www.sanger.ac.uk/resources/downloads/bacteria/neisseria.html
Other web sites:
BioProject: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/13472
GOLD: http://www.genomesonline.org/cgi-bin/GOLD/GOLDCards.cgi?goldstamp=Gc01618


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