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Annotation rule MF_01898
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General rule information [?]

Accession MF_01898
Dates 18-MAY-2011 (Created)
27-OCT-2018 (Last updated, Version 8)
Name GyrB
Scope
Bacteria
Archaea
Templates P0AES6 (GYRB_ECOLI); P9WG45 (GYRB_MYCTU); P0A2I3 (GYRB_SALTY); O67137 (TOP4B_AQUAE): [Recover all]

Propagated annotation [?]


Identifier, protein and gene names [?]

Identifier
GYRB
Protein name
RecName: Full=DNA gyrase subunit B;
EC=5.99.1.3;
Gene name
gyrB

Comments [?]

Function A type II topoisomerase that negatively supercoils closed circular double-stranded (ds) DNA in an ATP-dependent manner to modulate DNA topology and maintain chromosomes in an underwound state. Negative supercoiling favors strand separation, and DNA replication, transcription, recombination and repair, all of which involve strand separation. Also able to catalyze the interconversion of other topological isomers of dsDNA rings, including catenanes and knotted rings. Type II topoisomerases break and join 2 DNA strands simultaneously in an ATP-dependent manner.
Catalytic activity Reaction=ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double- stranded DNA.; EC=5.99.1.3;.
Subunit Heterotetramer, composed of two GyrA and two GyrB chains. In the heterotetramer, GyrA contains the active site tyrosine that forms a transient covalent intermediate with DNA, while GyrB binds cofactors and catalyzes ATP hydrolysis.
Subcellular location Cytoplasm.
Miscellaneous Few gyrases are as efficient as E.coli at forming negative supercoils. Not all organisms have 2 type II topoisomerases; in organisms with a single type II topoisomerase this enzyme also has to decatenate newly replicated chromosomes.
Similarity Belongs to the type II topoisomerase family.

Keywords [?]


Gene Ontology [?]

GO:0005524; Molecular function: ATP binding.
GO:0003918; Molecular function: DNA topoisomerase type II (ATP-hydrolyzing) activity.
GO:0006261; Biological process: DNA-dependent DNA replication.
GO:0006265; Biological process: DNA topological change.
GO:0005737; Cellular component: cytoplasm.

Cross-references [?]

PROSITE PS00177; TOPOISOMERASE_II; 1;
Pfam PF00204; DNA_gyraseB; 1;
PF00986; DNA_gyraseB_C; 1;
PF02518; HATPase_c; 1;
PF01751; Toprim; 0-1;
PRINTS PR00418; TPI2FAMILY; 1;
PROSITE PS50880; TOPRIM; 1; trigger=PRU00995;
TIGRFAMs TIGR01059; GyrB; 1;

Additional information [?]

Size range 632-815 amino acids
Related rules None
Fusion None
Comments The degree of DNA negative supercoiling has been studied in very few bacteria, E.coli gyrase is extra efficient compared to other bacteria. The enzyme from Aquifex aeolicus does not have the ability to negatively supercoil DNA as its GyrA subunit has lost the GyrA-box. Some Cyanobacterial members of this family contain inteins.