HAMAP proteomes
Rhizobium meliloti (strain 1021) (Ensifer meliloti) (Sinorhizobium meliloti)

General information

Species:  Rhizobium meliloti (strain 1021) (Ensifer meliloti) (Sinorhizobium meliloti)
Species code: RHIME
Taxonomy: Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhizobiales; Rhizobiaceae; Sinorhizobium/Ensifer group; Sinorhizobium (TaxID: 266834) [NEWT/ NCBI]
Description: Gram-negative nitrogen-fixing bacteria living in soil and able to establish a symbiosis with host plants from the genera Medicago, Melilotus and Trigonella leading to the formation of nodules on roots. Its genome contains three replicons, a chromosome and two plasmids. Strain 1021 is a commonly used laboratory strain.

Strain Sm1021 is closely related to another sequenced bacterium Sm2011 (SUNM2). Both strains are independent spontaneous streptomycin-resistant derivatives of the parental SU47 strain. Despite their derivation from a single parental strain, a number of phenotypic differences have been reported between them (adapted from PMID 23599422).
Properties: Presence of flagella: Yes
Human pathogen: No
Interaction: Plant symbiont
Number of membranes: 2

Genome(s) sequenced

Strain:    1021
Genome structure:
• Chromosome EMBL accession number AL591688 (circular; 3,654,135 bp) (download entry)
• Plasmid pSymA EMBL accession number AE006469 (circular; 1,354,226 bp) (download entry)
• Plasmid pSymB EMBL accession number AL591985 (circular; 1,683,333 bp) (download entry)
[1] Pubmed=11481430;
Capela D., Barloy-Hubler F., Gouzy J., Bothe G., Ampe F., Batut J., Boistard P., Becker A., Boutry M., Cadieu E., Dreano S., Gloux S., Godrie T., Goffeau A., Kahn D., Kiss E., Lelaure V., Masuy D., Pohl T., Portetelle D., Puehler A., Purnelle B., Ramsperger U., Renard C., Thebault P., Vandenbol M., Weidner S., Galibert F. ;
"Analysis of the chromosome sequence of the legume symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti strain 1021.";
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98:9877-9882(2001).
[2] Pubmed=11474104;
Galibert F., Finan T.M., Long S.R., Puehler A., Abola P., Ampe F., Barloy-Hubler F., Barnett M.J., Becker A., Boistard P., Bothe G., Boutry M., Bowser L., Buhrmester J., Cadieu E., Capela D., Chain P., Cowie A., Davis R.W., Dreano S., Federspiel N.A., Fisher R.F., Gloux S., Godrie T., Goffeau A., Golding B., Gouzy J., Gurjal M., Hernandez-Lucas I., Hong A., Huizar L., Hyman R.W., Jones T., Kahn D., Kahn M.L., Kalman S., Keating D.H., Kiss E., Komp C., Lelaure V., Masuy D., Palm C., Peck M.C., Pohl T.M., Portetelle D., Purnelle B., Ramsperger U., Surzycki R., Thebault P., Vandenbol M., Vorhoelter F.J., Weidner S., Wells D.H., Wong K., Yeh K.-C., Batut J. ;
"The composite genome of the legume symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti.";
Science 293:668-672(2001).
[3] Pubmed=11481432;
Barnett M.J., Fisher R.F., Jones T., Komp C., Abola A.P., Barloy-Hubler F., Bowser L., Capela D., Galibert F., Gouzy J., Gurjal M., Hong A., Huizar L., Hyman R.W., Kahn D., Kahn M.L., Kalman S., Keating D.H., Palm C., Peck M.C., Surzycki R., Wells D.H., Yeh K.-C., Davis R.W., Federspiel N.A., Long S.R. ;
"Nucleotide sequence and predicted functions of the entire Sinorhizobium meliloti pSymA megaplasmid.";
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98:9883-9888(2001).
[4] Pubmed=11481431;
Finan T.M., Weidner S., Wong K., Buhrmester J., Chain P., Vorhoelter F.J., Hernandez-Lucas I., Becker A., Cowie A., Gouzy J., Golding B., Puehler A. ;
"The complete sequence of the 1,683-kb pSymB megaplasmid from the N2-fixing endosymbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti.";
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98:9889-9894(2001).
Web links:
Official genome site(s):
Other web sites:
CBS: http://www.cbs.dtu.dk/services/GenomeAtlas/show-genus.php?kingdom=Bacteria&GLgenus=Sinorhizobium&GLspecies=meliloti&GLstrain=Rm1021
Entrez Genome Project: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=genomeprj&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=txid266834%5Borgn%5D
GOLD: http://www.genomesonline.org/cgi-bin/GOLD/GOLDCards.cgi?goldstamp=Gc00059
PEDANT: http://pedant.helmholtz-muenchen.de/pedant3htmlview/pedant3view?Method=analysis&Db=p3_p19_Sin_melil
RhizoDB: http://xbase.bham.ac.uk/rhizodb/genome.pl?id=1311